Glaucoma. Some types of glaucoma are associated with elevated pressure inside the eye. Depending on the specific problems with your retina, options may include: Focal laser treatment. Studies such as the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial acct have shown that controlling diabetes slows the onset and worsening of diabetic retinopathy. Leitgeb A, et al. The better you control blood sugar levels, the lower your risk. These treatments appear promising, but more study is needed. Anti-VEGF therapy Avastin, Lucentis, Eylea Anti-VEGF therapy involves the injection of the medication into the back of your eye. Diabetic retinopathy and DBE are detected during a comprehensive dilated eye exam that includes: Visual acuity testing. The pressure pinches the blood vessels that carry blood to the retina and optic nerve.
Doppler optical coherence tomography. This therapy helps reduce the amount of fluid leaking into your retina, resulting in visual improvement. While each disease has its own specific effect on the retina, a general scenario for many of the retinopathies is as follows: Blood flows to the retina is disrupted, either by blockage or breakdown of the various vessels. Hypertensive retinopathy — Medications can lower blood pressure. Recent studies have shown that anti-VEGF treatment not only is effective for treating DBE, but is also effective for slowing progression of diabetic retinopathy, including PDP, so anti-VEGF is increasingly used as a first-line treatment for PDP. Other eye problems that can occur in people with diabetes include: Cataract : cloudiness of the eye lens Glaucoma : increased pressure in the eye that can lead to blindness Macular enema: blurry vision due to fluid leaking into the area of the retina that provides sharp central vision Retinal detachment : scarring that may cause part of the retina to pull away from the back of your eyeball High blood sugar or rapid changes in blood sugar level often cause blurred vision.